Whether you’re considering using CBD for the first time or you’ve had the chance to experience some of the benefits already, there are a lot of terms you should know. We’ve put together a helpful list to put you in the know when it comes to CBD!
2018 Farm Bill
A piece of legislation passed in December of 2018 making the growth of hemp plants legal, and declassifying hemp-derived products as Schedule I controlled substances. This paved the way for an increase in the production of hemp plants by certified farmers, as well as the derivation of CBD from the plants to be made for purchase.
This refers to how well, how quickly, and how much CBD is actually absorbed into in your bloodstream to provide the intended effect. With CBD, bioavailability will vary depending on how you introduce it into your body—whether by ingesting it or with a topical—as well as with the dosage.
Pronounced “Can-ah-bi-DYE-all”, cannibidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring chemical found in cannabis plants. It’s primarily cultivated from hemp plants and is one of the most studied cannabinoid compounds due to its supposed health benefits.
A class of naturally occurring chemical compounds found within the body (endocannabinoids) and in cannabis plants (phytocannabinoids). The most well-known cannabinoids are CBD and THC.
Cannabinoid Oil (CBD Oil)
CBD oil is a product of hemp plants and is typically used as an ingredient in different types of CBD products like gummies, topicals, and more. CBD oil is one of the more popular CBD options available, as it’s easy to administer with just a few drops placed under your tongue to get the proper dosage every day.
Cannabinoid Receptor 1 (CB1)
The receptor that’s part of the endocannabinoid system that’s most abundant in our brains. CBD does not interact directly with the CB1 receptor, but it can inhibit other cannabinoids from interacting, such as THC.
Cannabinoid Receptor 2 (CB2)
The CB2 receptors are distributed widely throughout our bodies and are major components in our immune system, muscular system, and cardiovascular system. Like with the CB1 receptor, CBD does not directly adhere to CB2 receptors. But even without that direct bond, it is still believed that the high concentration of CB2 receptors across our bodies and their interaction with CBD may provide relief from minor aches and pains.
CBD Daily Capsules
With CBD daily capsules, CBD oil is encased in single dosage capsules or softgels, making it easy for individuals to take a recommended dosage each day.
One form of ingestible CBD is gummies, which are small, single dosages of CBD. Each gummy has a predetermined dosage, making it easy to know how much you’re taking or how much to add if you need more.
A 99% pure concentration of CBD that’s free of additional cannabinoids found in hemp plants. Some CBD gummies are made with CBD isolate grains, providing individuals with more options when searching for an edible CBD solution.
One way to apply CBD to a specific area on your body is with a CBD topical, or transdermal solution. Typically in the form of salves and ointments, a CBD topical is applied directly onto your skin. It’s best when used in conjunction with an oil, daily capsule, or gummy to provide more direct relief to areas of discomfort.
Certificate of Analysis (COA)
For a product to be determined as authentic CBD, it’s run through a series of tests by a trusted facility. After they perform potency tests, heavy metals tests, solvent tests, and terpene tests, the batch is given a certificate of analysis, which individuals can then read through to understand what’s in their CBD product.
A method used by CBD producers that uses supercritical CO2—which is where CO2 has the properties of both liquid and gas—to get a purer hemp oil extract that’s free of solvent residue out of the cannabis plants.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
The physiological system in the human body that creates and interacts directly with cannabinoids. The ECS is responsible for controlling both cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2).
This is a term commonly used to describe how CBD is more effective when all of its parts are used, instead of just an isolate. It’s believed that when all parts of the cannabis plant are present in an oil, topical, or other CBD product, the interaction with the ECS will be stronger and more pronounced.
A naturally occurring compound found in cannabis plants that are believed to have beneficial health effects relating to anti-inflammation, anti-fungals, antioxidants, and more.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Unlike CBD isolate, which is purely CBD, full spectrum hemp CBD oil contains the ingredients of the whole hemp plant. This includes terpenes, flavonoids, other cannabinoids, and additional vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to whole body health.
A type of cannabis plant that usually contains less than 0.3% of THC in its chemical makeup. CBD oil is extracted from hemp plants, which can be grown legally by approved farmers across the United States thanks to the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill.
A type of oil derived from hemp that does not always contain CBD. Hemp oil can come from different parts of the plant, most notably hemp seeds, where no CBD or THC is present, making it 100% pure hemp oil. There are still health benefits associated with its use, just not the same as those attributed to CBD oil.
Often mixed with full spectrum CBD oil products, MCT oil is derived from coconuts and is packed with healthy fats that positively affect your metabolism. It’s used in CBD products as it helps your body to absorb the CBD and experience its benefits.
The percentage of CBD per milliliter found in an oil, gummy, capsule, or topical.
This is the practice of taking smaller (micro) doses of CBD throughout the day, instead of taking one or two large doses to try and extend the effects of CBD for longer periods of time.
The biggest difference between THC and CBD comes in their psychoactive properties. THC adhering to the CB1 receptor gives you that “high” feeling. As CBD does not interact the same way with the CB1 receptor, no “high” is experienced, classifying it as a non-psychoactive substance.
A term used to describe the method of applying a CBD product, usually an oil, under your tongue for better absorption through mucus membranes and directly into your bloodstream, which is quicker than digesting the oil.
Like flavonoids, terpenes are a naturally occurring compound found in hemp plants that are responsible for the smell of the plant. Additional research is being developed to study theories that terpenes can boost mood, improve memory, lessen feelings of depression, and more.
Another well-known cannabinoid that’s derived from marijuana plants. Where THC and CBD differ is that THC has the ability to adhere to the CB1 receptor in our brains, which is what elicits the “high” feeling. Hemp plants do contain trace amounts of CBD, but it’s typically less than 0.3%.
Water Soluble CBD
Certain CBD products are beginning to become water soluble, meaning they can easily blend with water to make it easier for your body to absorb CBD much more efficiently.
Looking for more information about CBD? Frontier Jackson has great resources detailing what CBD is and how it works, the differences between CBD and THC, as well as the different products available and what’s in CBD.